Graphical Abstract

Endo, H., A. Kitoh, R. Mizuta, and T. Ose, 2021: Different future changes between early and late summer monsoon precipitation in East Asia. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 99,
Early Online ReleaseGraphical Abstract NEW GA


Plain Language Summary: Future changes in East Asian summer monsoon (EASM) precipitation and the associated atmospheric circulation changes are investigated with a 60-km-mesh atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM). The results highlight a distinct difference between early and late summer in future changes of EASM precipitation (Fig. 1a). Sensitivity experiments with the AGCM reveal that the precipitation changes in early summer are dominated by the effects of sea surface temperature (SST) warming, resulting in an intensification and a southward shift of the Baiu rainband (Figs. 1d and 1f), whereas the influence of land warming and successive large SST warming in the extratropics is evident in late summer (Figs 1c and 1e).