Graphical Abstract

Haynes, P., P. Hitchcock, M. Hitchman, S. Yoden, H. Hendon, G. Kiladis, K. Kodera, and I. Simpson, 2021: The influence of the stratosphere on the tropical troposphere. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 99,
Early Online ReleaseGraphical Abstract NEW GA


Plain Language Summary: Observational and model studies suggest that the stratosphere exerts a significant influence on the tropical troposphere. Such influence requires both communication of dynamical effects from stratosphere to troposphere and feedbacks within the troposphere which enhance the tropospheric response. This review summarises the current observational and modelling evidence for stratospheric influence on the tropical troposphere, on timescales ranging from diurnal to centennial, identifies outstanding scientific questions and discusses implications for weather and climate prediction.