Graphical Abstract

Bui, H. X., and J.-Y. Yu, 2021: Impacts of model spatial resolution on the simulation of convective spectrum and the associated cloud radiative effect in the tropics. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 99,
https://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.2021-039.
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Plain Language Summary: In this study, we examine the resolution dependence of convective spectrum in CAM5 (Community Atmospheric Model version 5) simulations, focusing on the transition from shallow to deep convection and the associated cloud radiative effect (CRE) change. We find that the convective spectrum is sensitive to model spatial resolution, with more deep convection in the coarser resolution runs. Moreover, the longwave component of CRE (LWCRE) is more sensitive to the change of model resolution compared to the shortwave component of CRE (SWCRE), characterized by a stronger response in the coarser resolution runs over the heavy-rain regime. The resolution dependence of convective spectrum and CRE changes highlights the importance of scale-aware cumulus parameterization design in climate models, which is not yet implemented in CAM5.

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