Graphical Abstract

Judt, F., D. Klocke, R. Rios-Berrios, B. Vanniere, F. Ziemen, L. Auger, J. Biercamp, C. Bretherton, X. Chen, P. Düben, C. Hohenegger, M. Khairoutdinov, C. Kodama, L. Kornblueh, S.-J. Lin, M. Nakano, P. Neumann, W. Putman, N. Röber, M. Roberts, M. Satoh, R. Shibuya, B. Stevens, P. L. Vidale, N. Wedi, and L. Zhou, 2021: Tropical cyclones in global storm-resolving models. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 99, 579-602.
Special Edition on DYAMOND: The DYnamics of the Atmospheric general circulation Modeled On Non-hydrostatic Domains
Graphical Abstract NEW GA


Plain Language Summary: Typhoons and hurricanes (collectively known as tropical cyclones) are one of the most destructive natural phenomena, and their prediction is an important task of weather and climate models. In this study, we evaluated nine global storm-resolving models, that is, models with high enough resolution to explicitly simulate the thunderstorms that make up the cyclone power engine, in their ability to simulate tropical cyclones. We found that the models are able to simulate cyclones more realistically than previous generations of global models. For example, unlike current-generation global models, the tested models are able to capture the cyclone eyewall and its extreme winds. But the models are not perfect, and continued work in improving the models is needed to exploit their full potential in tropical cyclone prediction.