Graphical Abstract

Yamaguchi, M., and S. Maeda, 2020: Increase in the number of tropical cyclones approaching Tokyo since 1980. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 98, 775-786. Abstract with highlights

Plain Language Summary: This study investigated whether tropical cyclones (TCs) approaching Tokyo have changed in terms of number and environmental conditions using observational and reanalysis data during the geostationary satellite era (1980-2019). The number of TCs approaching the southern coast of Japan, including Tokyo, has increased over the last 40 years. The environmental conditions for TC development have become more favorable, with warmer sea surface temperature, less vertical wind shear, and more moisture in the atmosphere. In addition, the translation speed of TCs has decreased, which indicates a longer influence time.