Graphical Abstract

Song, B., X. Zhi, M. Pan, M. Hou, C. He, and K. Fraedrich, 2019: Turbulent heat flux reconstruction in the North Pacific from 1921 to 2014. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 97, 893-911. Abstract with highlights

Plain Language Summary: The long-term turbulent heat fluxes in the North Pacific for the period 1921–2014 were reconstructed based on observed sea surface temperature, air temperature, wind and humidity. The Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere Response Experiment (COARE3.5) algorithm, modified Fisher–Tippett (MFT) distribution method and data interpolating empirical orthogonal functions (DINEOF) were employed to reconstruct the turbulent heat flux. The reconstructed turbulent heat flux was shown to be in accordance with the commonly used heat flux datasets. Also, the reconstructed turbulent heat flux can well reproduce the main features of the air-sea interaction in the North Pacific.