Graphical Abstract

Mashiko, W., 2019: A statistical study of wind gusts in Japan using surface observations. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 97, 39-54. Abstract with highlights

Plain Language Summary: There is still a lot of uncertainty regarding the statistical characteristics of wind gusts. This study clarified the frequency and spatiotemporal distribution of wind gusts throughout Japan by statistically analyzing the surface observational data of the last 16 years. The frequency of wind gusts with more than 25 m s–1 averaged across all observatories is 0.97 per year, which is four or five orders of magnitude higher than the tornado encounter probability in Japan.