Graphical Abstract

Takemura, K., and H. Mukougawa, 2021: Relaxation experiments for predictability assessment of enhanced monsoon trough in late August 2016. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 99,
https://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.2021-023
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Plain Language Summary: Predictability of an enhanced monsoon trough south of Japan seen in late August 2016 is diagnosed using an atmospheric general circulation model. The trough is found to be enhanced by a Rossby wave propagation over Eurasia and the subsequent Rossby wave breaking east of Japan. Three types of relaxation experiments are conducted, with nudging the model forecast toward reanalysis, for regions of the Rossby wave breaking, Rossby wave propagation, and both the regions. The main findings obtained from the experiments are summarized as follows.

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