Shibata, K., and R. Lehmann, 2020: Partitioning of ozone loss pathways in the ozone quasi-biennial oscillation simulated by a chemistry-climate model. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 98,
Early Online Release Graphical Abstract with highlights
Plain Language Summary: Ozone loss pathways due to NOx, HOx, ClOx, Ox, and BrOx catalytic cycles and their rates in the ozone quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) simulated by a chemistry-climate model of the Meteorological Research Institute of Japan are evaluated by using an objective pathway analysis program (PAP). The QBO amplitude of the sum of all cycles amounts to about 4 and 14 % of the annual mean of the total ozone loss rate at 10 and 20 hPa, respectively. The contribution of catalytic cycles to the QBO of the ozone loss rate is found to be as follows: NOx cycles contribute the largest fraction (50-85 %) of the QBO amplitude of the total ozone loss rate; HOx cycles are the second-largest (20-30 %) below 30 hPa and the third-largest (about 10 %) above 20 hPa; Ox cycles rank third (5-20 %) below 30 hPa and second (about 20 %) above 20 hPa; ClOx cycles rank fourth (5-10 %); and BrOx cycles are almost negligible.
- In the photochemically controlled region at 10 hPa, the NOx cycles contribute about 85 % to the QBO amplitude of the ozone loss rate, in which [NOx] is the major contributor.
- The main contribution to the NOx variation originates in the variation of NOy transport.
- Temperature is the second major contributor through the temperature dependence of [O]/[O3].
- Minor contributions emerge from the QBO variation of the overhead ozone column, which modulates the ozone photolysis, influencing [O]/[O3], and the oxygen photolysis, leading to O3 production.