Miyakawa, T., and H. Miura, 2019: Resolution dependencies of tropical convection in a global cloud/cloud-system resolving model. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 97, 745-756.
https://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.2019-034 Graphical Abstract with highlights
Plain Language Summary: Global non-hydrostatic simulations using cloud/cloud-system resolving horizontal meshes of 3.5-, 7-, and 14-km produce remarkably different amount of clouds in the tropics despite identical cloud-microphysics applied. The tropical mean upward motion, bounded by global scale radiative balance, is insensitive to the model resolution. However, it is realized by smaller and stronger updrafts in higher resolution models, resulting in a shorter residence time of air parcels within the updrafts, causing more cloud particles to survive without falling out as precipitation.
- Higher resolution simulations produce more high-clouds because shorter residence time of air parcels within updrafts allows more cloud-ice particles to survive without precipitating out.
- The increase of high-clouds is followed by a warming of the troposphere, which results in an increase in the column water vapor and an elevation of the freezing level.
- A Madden-Julian oscillation event was reproduced in the 3.5- and 14-km mesh simulations with as similar propagation speed, but with weaker associated circulation in the 3.5-km simulation.