Kawabata, T., H.-S. Bauer, T. Schwitalla, V. Wulfmeyer, and A. Adachi, 2018: Evaluation of forward operators for polarimetric radars aiming for data assimilation. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 96A, 157-174.
https://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.2018-017 Graphical Abstract with highlights
- Four forward operators for C-band dual polarimetric radar data are compared with both each other and actual observations from the view point of utilization in data assimilation.
- The first operator derives polarimetric parameters from the models and the other three converters estimate the mixing ratio of rainwater from the measured polarimetric parameters. The second converter uses both the horizontal reflectivity (ZH) and the differential reflectivity (ZDR), the third uses the specific differential phase (KDP), and the fourth uses both KDP and ZDR, respectively.
- Comparisons with modeled measurements show that the accuracy of the third converter is superior to the other two (Table 1). Another evaluation with actual observations shows that the first converter has slightly higher fractions skill scores than the other three.
- Considering the attenuation effect (Fig. 1), the first operator and the third converter only with KDP are found to be the most suitable for data assimilation at C-band.