Hibino, K., and I. Takayabu, 2016: A trade-off relation between temporal and spatial averaging scales on future precipitation assessment. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 94A, 121-134.
http://doi.org/10.2151/jmsj.2015-056 Graphical Abstract with highlights
- The present study showed the dependence of the detectability of the precipitation change signal toward the end of the 21st century on the temporal and spatial averaging scales and proposed a trade-off relation between them (Fig. 5).
- The characteristics of the trade-off relation are found to differ qualitatively depending on latitude: the tropics, the mid-latitudes, and the subpolar regions (Fig. 6).
- The result of the trade-off relation is closely related to the precipitation power spectrum representing spatio-temporal scales of precipitation-related meteorological phenomena, e.g., baroclinic waves.
- The trade-off relation is obtained quantitatively and provides useful information for climate change impact assessments using various temporal and spatial scales or resolutions.