Noda, A. T., M. Satoh, Y. Yamada, C. Kodama, T. Miyakawa, and T. Seiki, 2015: Cold and warm rain simulated using a nonhydrostatic model without cumulus
parameterization, and their responses to global warming. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan, 93, 181-197.
- The increase of precipitation in the higher horizontal resolution model (7 km) was caused by the increase of both cold and warm rain. The net increase of cold rain occurred due to the increase of stronger precipitation (>40 mm hr−1), most of which compensated for the decrease of weaker precipitation (<40 mm hr−1). In contrast, warm rain increased in almost all ranges of precipitation intensity.
- The lifespan of warm clouds in a warmer atmosphere was reduced in most of the SST anomaly regimes.